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Phys Rev Lett. 2012 Feb 10;108(6):066403. Epub 2012 Feb 6.

Superconductivity induced by longitudinal ferromagnetic fluctuations in UCoGe.

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Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.


From detailed angle-resolved NMR and Meissner measurements on a ferromagnetic (FM) superconductor UCoGe (T(Curie)∼2.5  K and T(SC)∼0.6  K), we show that superconductivity in UCoGe is tightly coupled with longitudinal FM spin fluctuations along the c axis. We found that magnetic fields along the c axis (H∥c) strongly suppress the FM fluctuations and that the superconductivity is observed in the limited magnetic-field region where the longitudinal FM spin fluctuations are active. These results, combined with model calculations, strongly suggest that the longitudinal FM spin fluctuations tuned by H∥c induce the unique spin-triplet superconductivity in UCoGe. This is the first clear example that FM fluctuations are intimately related with superconductivity.

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