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Phys Rev Lett. 2012 Jan 27;108(4):043901. Epub 2012 Jan 23.

Transmission eigenvalues and the bare conductance in the crossover to Anderson localization.

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  • 1Department of Physics, Queens College of The City University of New York, Flushing, New York 11367, USA.


We measure the field transmission matrix t for microwave radiation propagating through random waveguides in the crossover to Anderson localization. From these measurements, we determine the dimensionless conductance g and the individual eigenvalues τ(n) of the transmission matrix tt(†) whose sum equals g. In diffusive samples, the highest eigenvalue, τ(1), is close to unity corresponding to a transmission of nearly 100%, while for localized waves, the average of τ(1), is nearly equal to g. We find that the spacing between average values of lnτ(n) is constant and demonstrate that when surface interactions are taken into account it is equal to the inverse of the bare conductance.

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