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Phys Rev Lett. 2012 Jan 20;108(3):033601. Epub 2012 Jan 18.

Absence of vacuum induced Berry phases without the rotating wave approximation in cavity QED.

Author information

1
Department of Physics, Stockholm University, AlbaNova University Center, Se-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden. jolarson@physto.su.se

Abstract

We revisit earlier studies on Berry phases suggested to appear in certain cavity QED settings. It has been especially argued that a nontrivial geometric phase is achievable even in the situation of no cavity photons. We, however, show that such results hinge on imposing the rotating wave approximation (RWA), while without the RWA no Berry phases occur in these schemes. A geometrical interpretation of our results is obtained by introducing semiclassical energy surfaces which in a simple way brings out the phase-space dynamics. With the RWA, a conical intersection between the surfaces emerges and encircling it gives rise to the Berry phase. Without the RWA, the conical intersection is absent and therefore the Berry phase vanishes. It is believed that this is a first example showing how the application of the RWA in the Jaynes-Cummings model may lead to false conclusions, regardless of the mutual strengths between the system parameters.

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