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Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys. 2012 Jan;85(1 Pt 1):010601. Epub 2012 Jan 18.

Universal fluctuations in Kardar-Parisi-Zhang growth on one-dimensional flat substrates.

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Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, 36570-000, Viçosa, MG, Brazil.


We present a numerical study of the evolution of height distributions (HDs) obtained in interface growth models belonging to the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang (KPZ) universality class. The growth is done on an initially flat substrate. The HDs obtained for all investigated models are very well fitted by the theoretically predicted Gaussian orthogonal ensemble (GOE) distribution. The first cumulant has a shift that vanishes as t(-1/3), while the cumulants of order 2≤n≤4 converge to GOE as t(-2/3) or faster, behaviors previously observed in other KPZ systems. These results yield evidences for the universality of the GOE distribution in KPZ growth on flat substrates. Finally, we further show that the surfaces are described by the Airy(1) process.

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