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Pol Merkur Lekarski. 2012 Jan;32(187):64-9.

[Irritable bowel syndrome--irritable bowel or irritable mind?].

[Article in Polish]

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Pomeranian Medical University of Szczecin, Poland, Department of Gastroenterology.


Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is one of the most common disorders of gastrointestinal tract, affecting significant number of western population. The characteristic features are chronic and(or) recurrent abdominal pain and discomfort associated with changes in the bowel habit with or without bloating. According to Rome Criteria III there is an improved focus on the intestinal transit time which allows for better diagnosis and characterization of patients either with diarrhea, constipation predominant or mixed type IBS. Patients with IBS also frequently manifest various symptoms related to central nervous system (CNS) as depression or personality disorders. In this review we present current knowledge concerning etiopathogenesis of IBS with emphasis on the role of microbiota and describe promissing profilatic and treatment modalities with anti-biotics and probiotics capable to modulate microbiota and gut-brain axis. Most recent studies concerning clinical efficacy of antibiotic rifaximin and probiotic strain Lactobacillus plantarum 299v in symptom prevention (reduction) of this common gastrointestinal disorder are briefly described.

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