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Sensors (Basel). 2009;9(9):6701-14. doi: 10.3390/s90906701. Epub 2009 Aug 26.

Fabrication of a Multi-Walled Nanotube (MWNT) Ionic Liquid Electrode and Its Application for Sensing Phenolics in Red Wines.

Author information

  • 1Department of Chemistry, Hannam University, Daejeon 305-811, Republic of Korea; E-Mails: sinjangkki@naver.com (K.K); dartpip@nate.com (H.K); jclee@hnu.kr (J.L).

Abstract

A multi-walled nanotube (MWNT) ionic liquid was prepared by the immobilization of 1-butylimidazole bromide onto an epoxy group on a poly(glycidyl methacrylate)-grafted MWNT, which was synthesized by radiation-induced graft polymerization of glycidyl methacrylate onto MWNT in an aqueous solution. Subsequently, a MWNT ionic liquid electrode was fabricated by hand-casting MWNT ionic liquid, tyrosinase, and chitosan solution as a binder on indium tin oxide (ITO) glass. The sensing ranges of the MWNT ionic liquid electrode with immobilized tyrosinase was in the range of 0.01-0.08 mM in a phosphate buffer solution. The optimal conditions such as pH, temperature, and effects of different phenolic compounds were determined. The total phenolic compounds of three commercial red wines were also determined on the tyrosinase-immobilized biosensor.

KEYWORDS:

MWNT ion liquid electrode; glycidyl methacrylate; phenolics; radiation-induced graft polymerization; red wines

PMID:
22399973
PMCID:
PMC3290462
DOI:
10.3390/s90906701
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