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J Cell Sci. 2012 Mar 1;125(Pt 5):1152-64. doi: 10.1242/jcs.091124. Epub 2012 Mar 7.

Rad9B responds to nucleolar stress through ATR and JNK signalling, and delays the G1-S transition.

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1
Unidad de Investigación, Hospital Universitario de Canarias, Instituto de Tecnologías Biomédicas, Ofra s/n, La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain.

Abstract

The complex formed by Rad9, Rad1 and Hus1 (9-1-1) protects against genomic instability by activating DNA damage checkpoint and DNA damage repair pathways, mainly in response to replication fork collapse and UV lesions. Here we compare the role of Rad9A (also known as Rad9) with the human paralogue Rad9B. Unlike Rad9A, overexpression of Rad9B delays cells in G1 phase. Moreover, Rad9B migrates to nucleoli after nucleolar stress in an ATR- and JNK-dependent manner, in a newly described nucleolar domain structure containing p21. Analysis of chimeras of Rad9A and Rad9B demonstrate that localisation to nucleoli and the block in G1 phase upon overexpression crucially depend on the Rad9B C-terminal tail. Taken together, data presented here show a relationship between Rad9B and pathways for checkpoints, stress response and nucleolar function.

PMID:
22399810
DOI:
10.1242/jcs.091124
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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