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Biomarkers. 2012 May;17(3):261-8. doi: 10.3109/1354750X.2012.664169. Epub 2012 Mar 8.

Assessment of 8-oxo-7, 8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine and malondialdehyde levels as oxidative stress markers and antioxidant status in non-small cell lung cancer.

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1
Institute of Genetics & Hospital for Genetic Diseases, Osmania University, Begumpet, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The present investigation was taken up to evaluate the 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine and malondialdehyde as markers of oxidative stress, the levels of antioxidants and the correlations between these oxidative stress markers and antioxidants in lung cancer patients.

METHODS:

The study included 222 patients (158 men and 64 women, age ranging from 32 to 85 years) and 207 control subjects (153 men and 54 women, aged 30-80 years) for the analysis of urinary excretion of 8-oxodG using an ELISA assay, plasma malondialdehyde using spectrophotometer and red cell Cu-Zn SOD and GPx activities by kit methods.

RESULTS:

The levels of 8-oxodG and malondialdehyde were significantly higher (p < 0.001) and red cell superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase activities (p < 0.001) were significantly lower in lung cancer patients than in controls. There was a significantly positive correlation between 8-oxodG and malondialdehyde (r=0.912, p < 0.001) and a negative correlation between 8-oxodG and antioxidants.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results demonstrate that an increased rate of oxidative stress might play a role in the pathogenesis of lung cancer as evidenced by a failure in the oxidant/antioxidant balance in favour of lipid peroxidation and DNA damage.

PMID:
22397584
DOI:
10.3109/1354750X.2012.664169
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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