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Am J Clin Nutr. 1990 Nov;52(5):777-83.

Prediction of 24-h energy expenditure and its components from physical characteristics and body composition in normal-weight humans.

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Research Department of Human Nutrition, Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Copenhagen, Denmark.


The applicability of body composition as estimated by the bioimpedance method to predict energy expenditure (EE) was studied. Ten healthy subjects underwent measurement of body composition and 24-h energy expenditure (24-h EE) twice in a respiration chamber on a fixed program. The 24-h EE and its components, sleeping EE (SEE), basal EE (BEE), and daytime EE, for an individual were very reproducible (coefficient of variation 2.3%, 1.4%, 5.0%, & 3.1%, respectively). The variability of 24-h EE among subjects was 11.4% but only 4.1% when adjusted for differences in lean body mass (LBM). LBM was the best determinant of 24-h EE, BEE, and SEE and accounted for 91-93% of the interindividual variance of EE. The prediction equations were 24EE (kcal/d) = 390 + 33.3 LBM (r2 = 0.93, P = 0.000001), SEE (kcal/h) = 9.8 + 1.1 LBM (r2 = 0.92, P = 0.000001), and BEE (kcal/h) = -3.1 + 1.35 LBM (r2 = 0.91, P = 0.000002). In conclusion, 24EE, BEE, and SEE can be predicted with a high degree of precision from LBM as estimated by bioimpedance in normal-weight subjects.

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