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J Appl Phys. 2012 Jan 15;111(2):24310-243107. Epub 2012 Jan 25.

Optical anisotropy in self-assembled InAs nanostructures grown on GaAs high index substrate.

Abstract

We present a study of the optical properties of InAs self-assembled nanostructures grown by molecular beam epitaxy on GaAs(11N)A substrates (N = 3-5). Photoluminescence (PL) measurements revealed good optical properties of InAs quantum dots (QDs) grown on GaAs(115)A compared to those grown on GaAs(113)A and (114)A orientations substrate. An additional peak localized at 1.39 eV has been shown on PL spectra of both GaAs(114)A and (113)A samples. This peak persists even at lower power density. Supporting on the polarized photoluminescence characterization, we have attributed this additional peak to the quantum strings (QSTs) emission. A theoretical study based on the resolution of the three dimensional Schrödinger equation, using the finite element method, including strain and piezoelectric-field effect was adopted to distinguish the observed photoluminescence emission peaks. The mechanism of QDs and QSTs formation on such a high index GaAs substrates was explained in terms of piezoelectric driven atoms and the equilibrium surfaces at edges.

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