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J Vis. 2012 Mar 6;12(3). pii: 3. doi: 10.1167/12.3.3.

Different types of feedback change decision criterion and sensitivity differently in perceptual learning.

Author information

Laboratory of Psychophysics, Brain Mind Institute, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Lausanne, Switzerland.

Erratum in

  • J Vis. 2012;12(3). doi:10.1167/12.3.22.


In (perceptual) learning, performance improves with practice either by changes in sensitivity or decision criterion. Often, changes in sensitivity are regarded as the appropriate measure of learning while changes in criterion are considered unavoidable nuisances. Very little is known about the distinguishing characteristics of both learning types. Here, we show first that block feedback, which affects sensitivity, does not affect criterion. Second, contrary to changes in sensitivity, changes in decision criterion are limited to the training session and do not transfer overnight. Finally, training with biased trial-wise feedback induces a sensitivity change such that a left offset Vernier may be perceived as a right offset Vernier.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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