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Am J Occup Ther. 2012 Mar-Apr;66(2):224-32. doi: 10.5014/ajot.2012.002394.

Effect of an occupation-based cultural heritage intervention in long-term geriatric care: a two-group control study.

Author information

1
School of Occupational Therapy, Texas Woman's University, 6700 Fannin Street, Houston, TX 77030, USA. ghersch@twu.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

We investigated the effectiveness of an occupation-based cultural heritage intervention to facilitate adaptation to relocation into long-term care (LTC) facilities as measured by quality of life, activity engagement, and social participation.

METHOD:

We used a quasi-experimental nonequivalent control group design with pre- and posttests. Residents receiving the cultural intervention were compared with residents in a typical activity group. Eight sessions, two per week for 4 wk, were facilitated by certified occupational therapy assistants.

RESULTS:

Twenty-nine participants completed the group sessions. Quality-of-life scores improved significantly over time for both groups. Statistically, a greater percentage of time was spent in discretionary than obligatory time, pretest and posttest, with no significant difference between groups.

CONCLUSION:

The study demonstrated effectiveness of a structured, occupation-based social group intervention that improved quality of life, an indicator of adaptation. It also provided a description of activity patterns and social participation of LTC residents.

PMID:
22394532
DOI:
10.5014/ajot.2012.002394
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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