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PLoS One. 2012;7(2):e32256. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0032256. Epub 2012 Feb 28.

Nitric oxide signalling augments neuronal voltage-gated L-type (Ca(v)1) and P/q-type (Ca(v)2.1) channels in the mouse medial nucleus of the trapezoid body.

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1
Neurotoxicity at the Synaptic Interface, MRC Toxicology Unit, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom.

Abstract

Nitric Oxide (NO) is a diffusible second messenger that modulates ion channels, intrinsic excitability and mediates synaptic plasticity. In light of its activity-dependent generation in the principal neurons of the medial nucleus of the trapezoid body (MNTB), we have investigated its potential modulatory effects on native voltage-gated calcium channels (Ca(V)) within this nucleus. Whole-cell patch recordings were made from brain slices from P13-15 CBA mice. Slices were incubated with the inhibitor of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) 7-nitroindazole (10 µM) and pharmacological blockers used to isolate Ca(2+) current subtypes. Unpaired observations in the presence and absence of the NO-donors sodium nitroprusside (SNP, 100 µM) or Diethyl-ammonium-nonoate (DEA, 100 µM) were made to elucidate NO-dependent modulation of the expressed Ca(V) subtypes. A differential effect of NO on the calcium channel subtypes was observed: Ca(V)1 and Ca(V)2.1 (L+R- and P/Q+R-type) conductances were potentiated, whereas N+R-type (Ca(V)2.2) and R-type (Ca(V)2.3) current amplitudes were unaffected. L+R-type currents increased from 0.36 ± 0.04 nA to 0.64 ± 0.11 nA and P/Q+R-type from 0.55 ± 0.09 nA to 0.94 ± 0.05 nA, thereby changing the balance and relative contribution of each subtype to the whole cell calcium current. In addition, N+R-type half-activation voltage was left shifted following NO exposure. NO-dependent modulation of P/Q+R and N+R-type, but not L+R-type, channels was removed by inhibition of soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) activity. This data demonstrates a differential effect of NO signalling on voltage-gated calcium entry, by distinct NO-dependent pathways.

PMID:
22389692
PMCID:
PMC3289649
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0032256
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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