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Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2012 May 1;302(9):H1894-904. doi: 10.1152/ajpheart.01039.2011. Epub 2012 Mar 2.

HDAC4 mediates development of hypertension via vascular inflammation in spontaneous hypertensive rats.

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Laboratory of Veterinary Pharmacology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Kitasato University, Towada, Aomori, Japan.


Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are transcriptional corepressors. Our recent study demonstrated that HDAC4 protein specifically increases in mesenteric artery from spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHR) compared with Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY). Vascular inflammation is important for pathogenesis of hypertension. We examined whether HDAC4 affects vascular inflammatory responses and promotes hypertension. In vivo, blood pressure, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, and VCAM-1 expression in isolated mesenteric artery were elevated in young SHR (7 wk old) compared with age-matched WKY, which were prevented by long-term treatment of SHR with an HDACs inhibitor, trichostatin A (TSA; 500 μg·kg(-1)·day(-1) for 3 wk). In isolated mesenteric artery, the increased angiotensin II-induced contraction in SHR was reversed by TSA. The endothelium-dependent relaxation induced by ACh in SHR was augmented by TSA. In cultured rat mesenteric arterial smooth muscle cells (SMCs), expression of HDAC4 mRNA and protein was increased by TNF-α (10 ng/ml). TSA (10 μM, pretreatment for 30 min) inhibited VCAM-1 expression and NF-κB phosphorylation induced by TNF (10 ng/ml, 24 h or 20 min) in SMCs. HDAC4 small interfering RNA inhibited TNF-induced monocyte adhesion, VCAM-1 expression, transcriptional activity of NF-κB, and ROS production in SMCs. The present results demonstrated that proinflammatory effects of HDACs may mediate the further development of hypertension in SHR. It is also suggested in cultured vascular SMCs that TNF-induced HDAC4 mediates vascular inflammation likely via VCAM-1 induction through ROS-dependent NF-κB activation.

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