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Hum Immunol. 2012 May;73(5):543-6. doi: 10.1016/j.humimm.2012.02.012. Epub 2012 Feb 16.

Lack of association between the CXCL12 rs501120 polymorphism and cardiovascular disease in Spanish patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

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Department of Rheumatology, Hospital Universitario Marqués de Valdecilla, IFIMAV, 39008 Santander, Spain.


Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an inflammatory disease associated with accelerated atherosclerosis. CXCL12 is a strong chemotactic signal for lymphocytes. Because previous genome-wide association studies demonstrated an association between CXCL12 rs501120 and coronary artery disease, in the present study we assessed the potential association of this polymorphism with the risk of cardiovascular (CV) disease in 1,321 Spanish patients with RA. A subgroup of patients without CV events was also studied to determine the presence of subclinical atherosclerosis by ultrasonography (brachial flow-mediated endothelium-dependent vasodilatation and carotid intima-media wall thickness). However, no significant differences in genotypic and allelic frequencies between RA patients with and without CV events were observed, as was also the case when values of surrogate markers of atherosclerosis were assessed according to CXCL12 rs501120 genotype frequencies. In conclusion, our results do not confirm an association of the CXCL12 rs501120 polymorphism with atherosclerosis or with CV disease in RA.

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