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Urology. 2012 Mar;79(3):556-61. doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2011.09.057.

Rectal cultures before transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy reduce post-prostatic biopsy infection rates.

Author information

1
Infectious Disease Division, Naval Hospital San Diego, San Diego, California 92134-1005, USA. Chris.duplessis@waldenu.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To test our hypothesis that a targeted rectal screening protocol before transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided biopsy would potentiate streamlined prophylaxis, thereby reducing postbiopsy infectious rates while minimizing unnecessary broad-spectrum antibiotic use. To this end, we instituted preprocedure rectal cultures in an effort to identify fluoroquinolone (FQ)- resistant flora using selective media to optimally direct targeted prophylactic antibiotic administration. The inexorably increasing prevalence of multidrug-resistant microorganisms, notably extended spectrum beta lactamase (ESBL)-producing and FQ-resistant Enterobacteriaceae has increased the post-TRUS prostatic biopsy infection rates, including life-threatening sepsis.

METHODS:

A total of 235 rectal swabs were obtained and plated directly onto MacConkey agar plates containing 10-μg/mL ciprofloxacin. Following the screening procedure, antimicrobial susceptibility results were used to develop a customized antibiotic prophylaxis regimen to be administered before biopsy. Following the biopsy procedure, the patients were seen in follow-up within 7 days, and information was gathered on potential adverse effects, clinical appointments for infections, and potential antibiotics received.

RESULTS:

Thirty-two-patients (14%) had FQ-resistant isolates (most Escherichia coli), and 3 (1.3%) were ESBL-producing isolates. There were no infectious complications identified in this period, (compared with 3 septic complications among 103 biopsies in the 4 months preceding the study).

CONCLUSION:

Rectal cultures obtained before TRUS biopsy, using selective media to identify FQ-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, facilitate targeted antibiotic prophylaxis, and appear to be highly efficacious in reducing infectious complications.

PMID:
22386395
DOI:
10.1016/j.urology.2011.09.057
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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