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J Am Coll Cardiol. 2012 Apr 10;59(15):1377-82. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2012.01.015. Epub 2012 Feb 29.

A randomized, multicenter, single-blinded trial comparing paclitaxel-coated balloon angioplasty with plain balloon angioplasty in drug-eluting stent restenosis: the PEPCAD-DES study.

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Medizinische Klinik 2, Universitätsklinikum Erlangen, Erlangen, Germany.



This study sought to define the impact of paclitaxel-coated balloon angioplasty for treatment of drug-eluting stent restenosis compared with uncoated balloon angioplasty alone.


Drug-coated balloon angioplasty is associated with favorable results for treatment of bare-metal stent restenosis.


In this prospective, single-blind, multicenter, randomized trial, the authors randomly assigned 110 patients with drug-eluting stent restenoses located in a native coronary artery to paclitaxel-coated balloon angioplasty or uncoated balloon angioplasty. Dual antiplatelet therapy was prescribed for 6 months. Angiographic follow-up was scheduled at 6 months. The primary endpoint was late lumen loss. The secondary clinical endpoint was a composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction attributed to the target vessel, or target lesion revascularization.


There was no difference in patient baseline characteristics or procedural results. Angiographic follow-up rate was 91%. Treatment with paclitaxel-coated balloon was superior to balloon angioplasty alone with a late loss of 0.43 ± 0.61 mm versus 1.03 ± 0.77 mm (p < 0.001), respectively. Restenosis rate was significantly reduced from 58.1% to 17.2% (p < 0.001), and the composite clinical endpoint was significantly reduced from 50.0% to 16.7% (p < 0.001), respectively.


Paclitaxel-coated balloon angioplasty is superior to balloon angioplasty alone for treatment of drug-eluting stent restenosis. (PEPCAD DES-Treatment of DES-In-Stent Restenosis With SeQuent® Please Paclitaxel Eluting PTCA Catheter [PEPCAD-DES]; NCT00998439).

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