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World J Cardiol. 2012 Feb 26;4(2):23-30. doi: 10.4330/wjc.v4.i2.23.

Predictors of re-hospitalization in patients with chronic heart failure.

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1
Melody Zaya, Anita Phan, Ernst R Schwarz, Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA 90048, United States.

Abstract

Heart failure (HF) is a chronic, progressive illness that is highly prevalent in the United States and worldwide. This morbid illness carries a very poor prognosis, and leads to frequent hospitalizations. Repeat hospitalization in HF is both largely burdensome to the patient and the healthcare system, as it is one of the most costly medical diagnoses among Medicare recipients. For years, investigators have strived to determine methods to reduce hospitalization rates of HF patients. Despite such efforts, recent reports indicate that re-hospitalization rates remain persistently high, without any improvement over the past several years and thus, this topic clearly needs aggressive attention. We performed a key-word search of the literature for relevant citations. Published articles, limited to English abstracts indexed primarily in the PubMed database through the year 2011, were reviewed. This article discusses various clinical parameters, serum biomarkers, hemodynamic parameters, and psychosocial factors that have been reviewed in the literature as predictors of re-hospitalization of HF patients. With this information, our hope is that the future holds better risk-stratification models that will allow providers to identify high-risk patients, and better customize effective interventions according to the needs of each individual HF patient.

KEYWORDS:

Chronic heart failure; Heart failure; Hospitalization; Predictors; Readmission; Rehospitalization

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