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Breast. 2012 Jun;21(3):321-5. doi: 10.1016/j.breast.2012.01.019. Epub 2012 Feb 27.

Post-mastectomy pain syndrome: incidence and risks.

Author information

1
Federal University of Rio de Janeiro State and National Cancer Institute, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. efabro@inca.gov.br

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Post-mastectomy pain syndrome is defined as a chronic pain that persists beyond the normal healing time of 3 months. It is considered a neuropathic condition that arises after surgery for breast cancer.

AIM:

To evaluate the incidence and risk factors of pain syndromes in patients undergoing surgical treatment of breast cancer in the National Cancer Institute.

METHODS:

This study is a prospective cohort of women undergoing surgical treatment for breast cancer from September 2008 to June 2009, followed up until 6 months postoperatively.

RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS:

One hundred seventy-four women were examined. The mean age was 58 years. The incidence of pain syndrome was 52%. Younger women (<40 years) and those who were submitted to axillary lymph node dissection (with more than 15 lymph nodes excised) have shown a significantly increased risk of pain syndrome after surgery for breast cancer (relative risk (RR) =5.23 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.11-24.64) and (RR=2.01 95% CI: 1.08-3.75).

PMID:
22377590
DOI:
10.1016/j.breast.2012.01.019
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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