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Emerg Infect Dis. 2012 Mar;18(3):513-4. doi: 10.3201/eid1803.111914.

Nonculture diagnostic tests for enteric diseases.

Author information

1
Tennessee Department of Health, Nashville, TN 37243, USA. tim.f.jones@tn.gov

Abstract

The diagnosis of acute gastroenteritis (AGE) has traditionally been based on culture results of feces from patients with diarrhea. Virtually everything we know about disease and the epidemiology of enteric pathogens, such as Salmonella spp., Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC), e.g., O157, and Campylobacter spp., has been generated from the study of patients with culture-confirmed infections. However, this pattern may be changing because AGE diagnostics are moving away from culture toward rapid nonculture methods. These infections are mainly foodborne and therefore preventable, and it is of paramount importance that public health surveillance for these infections is consistent and reliable.

PMID:
22377326
PMCID:
PMC3309642
DOI:
10.3201/eid1803.111914
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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