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Br J Cancer. 2012 Mar 13;106(6):1089-94. doi: 10.1038/bjc.2012.65. Epub 2012 Feb 28.

Uterine artery pulsatility index: a predictor of methotrexate resistance in gestational trophoblastic neoplasia.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Oncology, Charing Cross Gestational Trophoblastic Disease Centre, Charing Cross Hospital, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, Fulham Palace Road, London W6 8RF, UK. roshan.agarwal@imperial.ac.uk

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Neo-angiogenesis is a hallmark of cancer. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis, in a prospective patient cohort, that in low-risk gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (LR-GTN) the uterine artery pulsatility index (UAPI), a measure of tumour vascularity, can predict resistance to methotrexate chemotherapy (MTX-R).

METHODS:

286 LR-GTN patients (Charing Cross Hospital (CXH) score 0-8, or FIGO score 0-6) were treated with methotrexate between January 2008 and June 2011 at CXH. During staging investigations, patients underwent a Doppler ultrasound to assess the UAPI.

RESULTS:

239 patients were assessable for both UAPI and MTX-R. The median UAPI was lower (higher vascularity) in MTX-R compared with MTX-sensitive patients (0.8 vs 1.4, P<0.0001). In multivariate logistic regression, UAPI≤1 predicted MTX-R, independent of both CXH and FIGO scores. The risk of MTX-R in patients with a FIGO score of 6 and UAPI≤1 was 100% vs 20% in patients with UAPI>1 (χ(2) P<0.0001).

CONCLUSION:

UAPI represents an independently validated clinically useful predictor of MTX-R in LR-GTN. Further, consideration of whether to incorporate UAPI into the FIGO scoring system is now warranted so that patients with a score of 6 and a UAPI ≤1 might be upstaged and offered combination chemotherapy rather than MTX.

PMID:
22374461
PMCID:
PMC3304432
DOI:
10.1038/bjc.2012.65
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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