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J Vet Intern Med. 2012 Mar-Apr;26(2):302-11. doi: 10.1111/j.1939-1676.2012.00894.x. Epub 2012 Feb 28.

The combined prognostic potential of serum high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide concentrations in dogs with degenerative mitral valve disease.

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Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, The Royal Veterinary College, Hertfordshire, UK.



Identification of factors associated with decreased survival in dogs with degenerative mitral valve disease (DMVD) will allow more accurate prognosis. N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is negatively associated with survival in dogs with DMVD. In human patients, multimarker strategies provide superior risk stratification compared with single markers.


High-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hscTnI) and other clinical variables will be associated with survival time in dogs with DMVD. Measuring hscTnI and NT-proBNP in combination will be prognostically superior to measurement of either marker alone. The rate of change of these markers will vary according to cause of death.


Client-owned dogs (n = 202) with DMVD of varying severity and age-matched healthy control dogs (n = 30) recruited from first opinion private practice.


Prospective cohort study relating clinical variables at enrollment in dogs with DMVD to survival time (all-cause, cardiac, and noncardiac mortality). Multivariable Cox regression analysis was used to identify factors associated with survival. Measurements were obtained approximately every 6 months. Repeated measures models were constructed to assess changes over time.


hscTnI, LVEDDN, heart rate, and age were independently associated with decreased survival time (all-cause mortality). Survival times were shortest in dogs in which both serum hscTnI and NT-proBNP were increased. hscTnI and NT-proBNP increased more rapidly in dogs that died of cardiac disease.


Serum hscTnI has prognostic value in dogs with DMVD. Measurement of NT-proBNP and hscTnI is prognostically superior to measuring either alone. Serial measurement strategies provide additional prognostic information.

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