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Antioxid Redox Signal. 2012 May 15;16(10):1088-99. doi: 10.1089/ars.2011.4221.

Production of H₂O₂ in the endoplasmic reticulum promotes in vivo disulfide bond formation.

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Department of Medical Chemistry, Molecular Biology and Pathobiochemistry, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary.



Oxidative protein folding in the luminal compartment of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is thought to be accompanied by the generation of H₂O₂, as side-product of disulfide bond formation. We aimed to examine the role of H₂O₂ produced in the lumen, which on one hand can lead to redox imbalance and hence can contribute to ER stress caused by overproduction of secretory proteins; on the other hand, as an excellent electron acceptor, H₂O₂ might serve as an additional pro-oxidant in physiological oxidative folding.


Stimulation of H₂O₂ production in the hepatic ER resulted in a decrease in microsomal GSH and protein-thiol contents and in a redox shift of certain luminal oxidoreductases in mice. The oxidative effect, accompanied by moderate signs of ER stress and reversible dilation of ER cisternae, was prevented by concomitant reducing treatment. The imbalance also affected the redox state of pyridine nucleotides in the ER. Antibody producing cells artificially engineered with powerful luminal H₂O₂ eliminating system showed diminished secretion of mature antibody polymers, while incomplete antibody monomers/dimers were accumulated and/or secreted.


Evidence are provided by using in vivo models that hydrogen peroxide can promote disulfide bond formation in the ER.


The results indicate that local H₂O₂ production promotes, while quenching of H₂O₂ impairs disulfide formation. The contribution of H₂O₂ to disulfide bond formation previously observed in vitro can be also shown in cellular and in vivo systems.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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