Send to

Choose Destination
Scand J Work Environ Health. 2012 Sep;38(5):436-46. doi: 10.5271/sjweh.3285. Epub 2012 Feb 27.

Risk factors for incidence of rotator cuff syndrome in a large working population.

Author information

Laboratoire d'Ergonomie et d'Épidémiologie en Santé au Travail, Faculté de Médecine, Rue Haute de Reculée, 49045 ANGERS Cedex 01, France.



The aim of this study was to assess the effects of personal and work-related factors on the incidence of rotator cuff syndrome (RCS) in a large working population.


A total of 3710 French workers were included in a cross-sectional study in 2002-2005. All completed a self-administered questionnaire about personal factors and work exposure. Using a standardized physical examination, occupational physicians established a diagnosis of RCS. Between 2007-2010, 1611 workers were re-examined. Associations between RCS and risk factors at baseline were analyzed by logistic regression.


A total of 839 men and 617 women without RCS at baseline were eligible for analysis. RCS was diagnosed in 51 men (6.1%) and 45 women (7.3%). The risk of RCS increased with age for both genders [odds ratio (OR) 4.7 (95% confidence interval [95% CI] 2.2-10.0) for men aged 45-49 years and 5.4 (95% CI 2.3-13.2) for women aged 50-59 years; reference <40 years]. For men, the work-related risk factors were repeated posture with the arms above the shoulder level combined with high perceived physical exertion [OR 3.3 (95% CI 1.3-8.4)] and low coworker support [OR 2.0 (95% CI 1.1-3.9)]. For women, working with colleagues in temporary employment [OR 2.2 (95% CI 1.2-4.2)] and repeated arm abduction (60-90°) [OR 2.6 (95% CI 1.4-5.0)] were associated with RCS.


Age was the strongest predictor for incident cases of RCS, and arm abduction was the major work-related risk factor for both genders. Lack of social support was a predictor for RCS among men.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Loading ...
Support Center