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Respir Physiol Neurobiol. 2012 Jun 15;182(1):1-8. doi: 10.1016/j.resp.2012.01.016. Epub 2012 Feb 17.

Anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects of triptolide on traumatic brain injury in rats.

Author information

1
Institute of Physiology, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Abstract

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is characterized by neuroinflammation, brain edema, and cerebral damage leading to impairment of neurobehavioral function. Triptolide (PG-490), a diterpenoid component from Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F., has anti-inflammatory properties. Whether triptolide has neuroprotective functions when treating TBI is unclear. To investigate this possibility, Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with triptolide immediately after TBI had been induced by a controlled cortical impact procedure or after a sham procedure. TBI produced neuroinflammation when measured on day 1 after TBI, induced cerebral damage when measured on day 1 and day 3, and impaired neurobehavioral functioning over a 28-day observation period. Triptolide suppressed TBI-induced increases in contusion volume, cell apoptosis, edema and the levels of various pro-inflammatory mediators in the brain. Thriptolide reversed the TBI-induced decrease in brain levels of anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-10. Importantly, triptolide improved neurobehavioral outcomes regarding motor, sensory, reflex and balance function. We conclude that triptolide confers neuroprotection against TBI, at least in part, via its anti-inflammatory activity.

PMID:
22366865
DOI:
10.1016/j.resp.2012.01.016
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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