Send to

Choose Destination
Food Microbiol. 2012 Jun;30(2):340-7. doi: 10.1016/ Epub 2012 Jan 10.

Development of a multilocus variable number of tandem repeat typing method for Oenococcus oeni.

Author information

Univ. Bordeaux, ISVV, EA 4577 Œnologie, F-33140 Villenave d'Ornon, France.


Oenococcus oeni is responsible for the malolactic fermentation of wine. Genomic diversity has already been established in this species. In addition, winemakers usually report varying starter culture efficiency. The monitoring of indigenous and selected strains is essential for understanding strain survival and implantation during the winemaking process. In this study, we report the development of the first typing scheme for O. oeni using multiple-locus variable number of tandem repeat analysis (VNTR). The discriminatory power of 14 out of 44 tandem repeat loci in the genome of the PSU-1 strain was initially evaluated with a test collection of 18 genotypically distinct starter strains. Then five VNTR loci, which can be easily scored with the technology used here, were identified and used to genotype a collection of 236 strains, previously classified by restriction endonuclease analysis-pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (REA-PFGE) and multilocus sequence typing (MLST) into 136 REA-PFGE types or 110 MLST types. The discriminatory power of VNTR (as determined by Simpson's index of discrimination) was higher than that of the other two methods, with 201 VNTR types. The targeted VNTR markers were found to be stable and did not change for the clones of the same strain deposited in a collection at intervals of several years. Strains isolated from the different wine producing areas or the products were assigned to phylogenetic groups and were statistically linked with the VNTR profiles. Another interesting observation was that the loci were found in sequences homologous to regions encoding for membrane-anchored proteins.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center