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Leuk Res. 2012 Jul;36(7):817-25. doi: 10.1016/j.leukres.2012.01.021. Epub 2012 Feb 23.

Adherence to oral tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapies in chronic myeloid leukemia.

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Patient Reported Outcomes, Adelphi Values, Cheshire, UK.


Ensuring adherence to therapy is a challenge in chronic diseases, particularly in cancers such as chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), where there has been increased availability and use of oral formulations. A conceptual model of adherence was developed based on findings from a comprehensive literature review, to inform strategies for improving adherence to oral CML therapies. A complex interplay of factors (including clinical, psychological and behavioural) influence adherence to such therapies. Healthcare professionals have a key role in promoting and facilitating adherence and future strategies should place greater emphasis on understanding patient-level experiences in order to create personalized solutions.

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