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PLoS One. 2012;7(2):e31978. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0031978. Epub 2012 Feb 21.

Mature and precursor brain-derived neurotrophic factor have individual roles in the mouse olfactory bulb.

Author information

1
Department of Biological Science, The Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida, United States of America. mast@neuro.fsu.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Sensory deprivation induces dramatic morphological and neurochemical changes in the olfactory bulb (OB) that are largely restricted to glomerular and granule layer interneurons. Mitral cells, pyramidal-like neurons, are resistant to sensory-deprivation-induced changes and are associated with the precursor to brain-derived neurotrophic factor (proBDNF); here, we investigate its unknown function in the adult mouse OB.

PRINCIPAL FINDINGS:

As determined using brain-slice electrophysiology in a whole-cell configuration, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), but not proBDNF, increased mitral cell excitability. BDNF increased mitral cell action potential firing frequency and decreased interspike interval in response to current injection. In a separate set of experiments, intranasal delivery of neurotrophic factors to awake, adult mice was performed to induce sustained interneuron neurochemical changes. ProBDNF, but not BDNF, increased activated-caspase 3 and reduced tyrosine hydroxylase immunoreactivity in OB glomerular interneurons. In a parallel set of experiments, short-term sensory deprivation produced by unilateral naris occlusion generated an identical phenotype.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results indicate that only mature BDNF increases mitral cell excitability whereas proBDNF remains ineffective. Our demonstration that proBDNF activates an apoptotic marker in vivo is the first for any proneurotrophin and establishes a role for proBDNF in a model of neuronal plasticity.

PMID:
22363780
PMCID:
PMC3283713
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0031978
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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