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Mediators Inflamm. 2012;2012:274347. doi: 10.1155/2012/274347. Epub 2012 Jan 26.

Human mast cells (HMC-1 5C6) enhance interleukin-6 production by quiescent and lipopolysaccharide-stimulated human coronary artery endothelial cells.

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Division of Allergy, Clinical Immunology, and Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, 66160, USA.


We examined the effect of intact human mast cells (HMC-1 5C6) and their selected mediators on interleukin-6 (IL-6) production and bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) expression in human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAEC) in the presence and absence of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Scanning electron microscopy showed that HMC-1 5C6 cells adhere to HCAEC in cocultures. Addition of HMC-1 5C6 cells markedly enhanced the IL-6 production by quiescent and LPS-activated HCAEC even at the maximal concentration of LPS. Furthermore, mast cell-derived histamine and proteases accounted for the direct and synergistic effect of mast cells on IL-6 production that was completely blocked by the combination of histamine receptor-1 antagonist and protease inhibitors. Another novel finding is that histamine was able to induce BMP-2 expression in HCAEC. Collectively, our results suggest that endotoxin and mast cell products synergistically amplify vascular inflammation and that histamine participates in the early events of vascular calcification.

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