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Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2012 Jul;42(1):149-54. doi: 10.1093/ejcts/ezr273. Epub 2012 Feb 22.

In vivo testing of an intra-annular aortic valve annuloplasty ring in a chronic calf model.

Author information

1
Centennial Medical Center, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37205, USA. jsrankinmd@cs.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To increase applicability and stability of aortic valve repair, a three-dimensional aortic annuloplasty ring has been developed for intra-annular placement. The goal of this study was to test the safety of this device with in vivo implantation in the calf model.

METHODS:

In 10 chronic calves, the HAART annuloplasty ring was sutured to the aortic valve annulus using cardiopulmonary bypass. The animals were recovered and followed for 1-2 months. Serial echocardiography was used to evaluate valve competence, and contrast aortograms and CT angiograms were obtained in selected animals. After completion of follow-up, each animal was euthanized, and aortic endoscopy was performed under water distension in five. Full autopsies with histologic examinations were performed.

RESULTS:

All animals survived surgery. Two were euthanized in the first week for complications, and the remaining eight calves were followed uneventfully for the 1-2 months. Serial echocardiography showed completely competent valves in all but one animal, in which the ring was intentionally up-sized to test the sizing strategy. Contrast aortographic and CT angiographic findings were similar to the echocardiograms. Postmortem examination showed proper seating of all rings with endothelialization at 1-2 months. All valves demonstrated good leaflet coaptation and no abnormalities.

CONCLUSIONS:

In vivo testing of a three-dimensional aortic annuloplasty ring in a chronic calf model proved to be very successful and safe. Using the sizing and implant strategies developed, human trials seem indicated.

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PMID:
22362620
DOI:
10.1093/ejcts/ezr273
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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