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J Chem Phys. 2012 Feb 14;136(6):064109. doi: 10.1063/1.3684233.

An excited state paired interacting orbital method.

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Analysis Technology Development Center, Canon Inc., 30-2, Shimomaruko 3-chome, Tokyo 146-8501, Japan.


A new method for analyzing and visualizing the molecular excited states, named "excited state paired interacting orbital (EPIO)," is proposed. The method is based both on the paired interacting orbital (PIO) proposed by Fujimoto and Fukui [J. Chem. Phys. 60, 572 (1974)] and the natural transition orbital (NTO) by Martin [J. Chem. Phys. 118, 4775 (2003)]. Within the PIO method, orbital interactions between the two fragmented molecules are represented practically only by a few pairs of fragment orbitals. The NTO method is a means of finding a compact orbital representation for the electronic transitions in the excited states. With the method, electronic transitions are expressed by a few particle-hole orbital pairs and a clear picture on the electronic transitions is obtained. EPIO method is designed to have both properties of the preceding two methods: electronic transitions in composite molecular systems can be expressed with a few pairs of EPIOs which are constructed with fragmented molecular orbitals (MOs). Excited state characters, such as charge transfer and local excitations, are analyzed by using EPIOs with their generation probabilities. Thus, the present method gives us clear information on the composition of MOs which play an important role in the molecular excitation processes, e.g., optical processes.

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