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Tsitologiia. 2011;53(12):919-29.

[Multipotent mesenchymal stem cells of desquamated endometrium: isolation, characterization and use as feeder layer for maintenance of human embryonic stem cell lines].

[Article in Russian]

Abstract

In this study, we characterize new multipotent human mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) lines derived from desquamated (shedding) endometrium in menstrual blood. The isolated endometrial MSC (eMSC) is an adhesive to plastic heterogeneous population composed mainly of endometrial glandular and stromal cells. The established cell lines meet the criteria of the International Society for Cellular Therapy for defining multipotent human MSC of any origin. The eMSCs have positive expression of CD73, CD90, CD105, CD13, CD29, CD44 markers and the absence of expression of the hematopoietic cell surface antigens CD19, CD34, CD45, CD117, CD130 and HLA-DR (class II). Multipotency of the established eMSC is confirmed by their ability to differentiate into other mesodermal cell types such as osteocytes and adipocytes. Besides, the isolated eMSC lines partially (over 50%) express the pluripotency marker SSEA-4, but do not express Oct-4. Immunofluorescent analysis of the derived cells revealed the expression of the neural precursor markers nestin and beta-III-tubulin. This suggests a neural predisposition of the established eMSC. These cells are characterized by high rate of cell proliferation (doubling time 22-23 h) and high cloning efficiency (about 60%). In vitro the eMSCs undergo more than 45 population doublings revealing normal karyotype without karyotipic abnormalilies. We demonstrate, that the mititotically inactivated eMSCs are perfect feeder cells for human embryonic stem cell lines (hESC) C612 and C910. The eMSC being a feeder culture maintain the pluripotent status of the hESC, which is revealed by the expression of Oct-4, alkaline phosphatase and SSEA-4. When co-culturing, hESC retain their morphology, proliferative rate for more than 40 passages and capability for spontaneous differentiation into embryoid bodies comprising the three embryonic germ layers. Thus, an easy and non-invasive extraction of the eMSC in menstrual blood, their multipotency and high proliferative activity in vitro without karyotypic abnormalities demonstrate the potential of use of these stem cells in regenerative medicine. Using the derived eMSCs as the feeder culture eliminates the risks associated with animal cells while transferring hESC to clinical setting.

PMID:
22359950
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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