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Biofizika. 1977 Nov-Dec;22(6):1062-71.

[Photoinduced inhibition and stimulation of respiration in cells of Halobacterium halobiums kinetics, action spectra, relationship to photoinduction of deltapH].

[Article in Russian]


Along with the inhibition illumination also causes the stimulation of the respiration of H. halobium R1 cells. When light is switched off photoinhibition of respiration (PIR) decays much faster (tau 1/2=12 sec) than photostimulation (PSR) (tau 1/2=60 sec). This allows the evaluation of the contribution of the each phase into the total change of the respiration rate. PIR prevails in neutral and alkaline media (at pH 6.8 the amplitude ratio of PSR/PIR=0.3). At the same conditions light induced alkalization of the medium is observed, which at high light intensities is followed by acidification. The half rise time of PIR is 0.5 divided by 0.8 sec under excitation with short light flashes at 18C and pH 6.8. When pH of the medium is reduced the rate of dark respiration decreases, PSR amplitude increases, PIR is almost not changed and light-induced alkalinization of the medium decreases. At pH 5.5 PSR prevails: at light of 10(5) erg/(cm(2).s) the ratio PSR/PIR=2. The maximum value of PIR and PSR at 18C reaches 20-30 percent of the dark respiration level. Uncouplers (CCCP, DNF) and inhibitor (DCCD) of phosphorylation suppress PIR and light induced alkalinization of the medium and significantly (5-7 times at Ph 6.8) increase PSR and light induced acidification. The action spectra show that bacteriorhodopsin is responsible for all the observed light induced changes of O2 and H+ exchange; carotinoids do not participate in sensibilization. It is suggested that photophosphorylation is necessary for PIR and that PSR is caused by the rise of internal pH due to light induced efflux of protons mediated by bacteriorhodopsin.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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