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Bioresour Technol. 2012 May;111:161-6. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2012.01.161. Epub 2012 Feb 6.

Deletion of the PHO13 gene in Saccharomyces cerevisiae improves ethanol production from lignocellulosic hydrolysate in the presence of acetic and formic acids, and furfural.

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Department of Chemical Science and Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Kobe University, 1-1 Rokkodai, Nada, Kobe 657-8501, Japan.


For efficient bioethanol production from lignocellulosic biomass by Saccharomyces cerevisiae, it is necessary to improve cellular tolerance to toxic compounds released during the pretreatment of biomass. The gene encoding p-nitrophenylphosphatase, PHO13, was disrupted in a recombinant xylose-fermenting S. cerevisiae strain, which improved ethanol production from xylose in the presence of three major inhibitors, acetic and formic acids, and furfural. In medium supplemented with 30 mM acetic acid, the ethanol yield obtained by the ΔPHO13 mutant was 0.45 g-ethanol/g-xylose. Notably, the specific ethanol productivity of the mutant in the presence of 90 mM furfural was fourfold higher than that of the control strain. The PHO13-disrupted strain produced ethanol from rice straw hydrolysate obtained by liquid hot-water pretreatment with a greater than fourfold higher xylose consumption rate than the control. Together, our findings demonstrate that PHO13 deletion is a simple, but effective, approach for improving cellulosic bioethanol production by S. cerevisiae.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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