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Sci Rep. 2012;2:264. doi: 10.1038/srep00264. Epub 2012 Feb 14.

Transcriptomic landscape of breast cancers through mRNA sequencing.

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1
McCormick Genomic and Proteomics Center, The George Washington University, Washington, DC 20037, USA.

Abstract

Breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease with a poorly defined genetic landscape, which poses a major challenge in diagnosis and treatment. By massively parallel mRNA sequencing, we obtained 1.2 billion reads from 17 individual human tissues belonging to TNBC, Non-TNBC, and HER2-positive breast cancers and defined their comprehensive digital transcriptome for the first time. Surprisingly, we identified a high number of novel and unannotated transcripts, revealing the global breast cancer transcriptomic adaptations. Comparative transcriptomic analyses elucidated differentially expressed transcripts between the three breast cancer groups, identifying several new modulators of breast cancer. Our study also identified common transcriptional regulatory elements, such as highly abundant primary transcripts, including osteonectin, RACK1, calnexin, calreticulin, FTL, and B2M, and "genomic hotspots" enriched in primary transcripts between the three groups. Thus, our study opens previously unexplored niches that could enable a better understanding of the disease and the development of potential intervention strategies.

PMID:
22355776
PMCID:
PMC3278922
DOI:
10.1038/srep00264
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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