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Rare Tumors. 2011 Oct 21;3(4):e54. doi: 10.4081/rt.2011.e54. Epub 2011 Dec 27.

Malignant melanoma of the nasal cavity: a case report with examination of KIT and platelet derived growth factor receptor-α(PDGFRA).

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1
Departments of Pathology, Shizuoka City Shimizu Hospital, Shizuoka, Japan.

Abstract

Although several clinicopathological studies of malignant melanoma of the nasal cavity have been reported, there are no studies of the expression and gene mutation of KIT and platelet derived growth factor receptor-α (PDGFRA) in melanoma of the nasal cavity. A 92-year-old Japanese woman consulted to our hospital because of right nasal obstruction and epistaxis. Physical examination and imaging modalities showed a tumor of the right nasal cavity. A biopsy was taken, and it showed malignant epithelioid cells with melanin deposition. Immunohistochemically, the tumor was positive for S100 protein, HMB45, p53, Ki-67 (labeling=20%), KIT and PDGFRA. The tumor was negative for cytokeratins (AE1/3 and CAM5.2). A genetic analysis using PCR-direct sequencing revealed no mutation of KIT gene (exons 9, 11, 13, and 17) or the PDGFRA gene (exons 12 and 18). The pathological diagnosis was primary malignant melanoma of the nasal cavity. The tumor was reduced in size by local resection and chemotherapy (Darthmose regimen: dacarbazine, carmustine, cisplatine, and tamoxifen), and the patient is now alive and free from metastasis 9 months after the first manifestation. In conclusion, the author reported a case of melanoma of the nasal cavity expressing KIT and PDGFRA without gene mutations of KIT and PDGFRA.

KEYWORDS:

KIT; Nasal cavity; malignant melanoma; platelet derived growth factor receptor-α.

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