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Insights Imaging. 2010 Nov;1(5-6):309-328. Epub 2010 Sep 28.

Imaging of endometrial and cervical cancer.

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1
Department of Radiology, King George V Wing, Barts and The London NHS Trust, St Bartholomew's Hospital, West Smithfield, London EC1A 7BE UK.

Abstract

In this article we review the ever increasing role of imaging in endometrial and cervical cancer. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has emerged as the most widely used technique in the management of women with gynaecological cancer. In endometrial cancer, MRI is reliable in identifying myometrial and cervical invasion and extra-uterine disease, thereby informing preoperative surgical planning. In cervical cancer, MRI plays a crucial role in distinguishing early from advanced disease, thereby stratifying patients for surgery and chemoradiation. MRI is also valuable in assessing proximal extension of cervical tumours in young women with early stage disease for feasibility of fertility preserving surgery. In both cancers, imaging is used for diagnosing nodal metastases, detection of recurrence, and dealing with complications of both the disease and treatment.

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