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Acta Biochim Biophys Sin (Shanghai). 2012 May;44(5):394-406. doi: 10.1093/abbs/gms008. Epub 2012 Feb 16.

Proteomic profiling of lipid droplet-associated proteins in primary adipocytes of normal and obese mouse.

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State Key Laboratory of Cell Biology, Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Graduate School, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China.


Lipid droplets in adipocytes serve as the principal long-term energy storage depot of animals. There is increasing recognition that lipid droplets are not merely a static neutral lipid storage site, but in fact dynamic and multi-functional organelles. Structurally, lipid droplet consists of a neutral lipid core surrounded by a phospholipid monolayer and proteins embedded in or bound to the phospholipid layer. Proteins on the surface of lipid droplets are crucial to droplet structure and dynamics. To understand the lipid droplet-associated proteome of primary adipocyte with a large central lipid droplet, lipid droplets of white adipose tissue from C57BL/6 mice were isolated. And the proteins were extracted and analyzed by liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry. A total of 193 proteins including 73 previously unreported proteins were identified. Furthermore, the isotope-coded affinity tags (ICAT) was used to compare the difference of lipid droplet-associated proteomes between the normal lean and the high-fat diet-induced obese C57BL/6 mice. Of 23 proteins quantified by ICAT analysis, 3 proteins were up-regulated and 4 proteins were down-regulated in the lipid droplets of adipose tissue from the obese mice. Importantly, two structural proteins of lipid droplets, perilipin A and vimentin, were greatly reduced in the lipid droplets of the adipose tissue from the obese mice, implicating reduced protein machinery for lipid droplet stability.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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