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Pol Przegl Chir. 2011 Dec;83(12):662-7. doi: 10.2478/v10035-011-0106-5.

Surgical treatment of patients with Poland's syndrome--own experience.

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Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery Second Chair of Surgery, Medical University, Łódź.


Poland's syndrome is characterized by variable clinical picture. Classic deformity consists of unilateral hypoplasia or aplasia of the sternocostal head of the pectoralis major muscle and ipsilateral hand malformations. Additionally on the affected side hypoplasia or aplasia of the breast in women is observed. Variable malformations in Poland's syndrome cause that there is no uniform treatment schedule. THE AIM OF THE STUDY was to analyze surgical treatment conducted in patients with Poland's syndrome in Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery Clinic.


A retrospective analysis of surgical treatment was carried out in the group of 66 patients with Poland's syndrome on the basis of their medical documentation.


The most common operation performed in women was breast reconstruction with silicone implant. Two men had their chest symmetrized by fat grafting. Syndactyly observed in patients with complete Poland's syndrome was surgically removed in early childhood.


Treatment of patients with Poland's syndrome, mainly due to variable clinical picture, is individual and depends on age, sex and degree of deformity. In children with complete Poland's syndrome operations include surgical removing of syndactyly. Breast reconstruction in women with Poland's syndrome with silicone implants is known and safe method. Such procedures are performed after 18 years of age.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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