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Brain Res. 2012 Apr 4;1447:1-8. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2012.01.059. Epub 2012 Feb 1.

Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR)-γ co-activator 1-α and hypoxia induced factor-1α mediate neuro- and vascular protection by hypoxic preconditioning in vitro.

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Department of Neurology, Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, No. 107 Yanjiangxi Road, Guangzhou, 510120, PR China.


Preconditioning-induced cellular adaptation is a new therapeutic strategy for ischemic stroke. This research aims to examine the role of peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR)-γ co-activator 1-α (PGC-1α) and hypoxia induced factor-1α (HIF-1α) in hypoxic preconditioning-induced protection. In this study, rat artery endothelial cells and neuronal PC12 cells were preconditioned with hypoxia before oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) insult. Cell viability, protein expression and oxidative stress were then evaluated. PGC-1α and HIF-1α were knocked down by RNA interference. We found that hypoxic preconditioning significantly reduced cell damage, enhanced the expression of PGC-1α, HIF-1α and VEGF and attenuated oxidative stress in endothelial and PC12 cells in OGD model. The protective effects of hypoxic preconditioning were hardly detected in HIF-1α or PGC-1α deficit cells. The loss of protection was accompanied with a significant loss of VEGF expression in HIF-1α or PGC-1α deficit PC12 cells and PGC-1α deficit endothelial cells as well as a considerable decrease of anti-oxidative effects in PGC-1α knocked-down endothelial cells. The present study demonstrated that both PGC-1α and HIF-1α played crucial roles in hypoxic preconditioning in endothelial and neuronal cells.

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