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Prog Mol Biol Transl Sci. 2012;106:307-25. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-396456-4.00001-8.

Wip1-dependent signaling pathways in health and diseases.

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1
Cell Cycle Control and Tumorigenesis Group, Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, Proteos, Singapore.

Abstract

Spatial and temporal regulation of protein phosphorylation is key to the control of different molecular networks. This regulation is achieved in part through dephosphorylation of numerous signaling molecules, and emerging evidence highlights the importance of a new member of the PP2C family of phosphatase, Wild-type p53 induced phosphatase 1 (Wip1), in regulating stress-induced and DNA damage-induced networks. In recent years, analysis of Wip1 has focused primarily on its role in tumorigenesis because of its overexpression in human tumors and a profound tumor-resistant phenotype of Wip1-deficient mice. Recently, Wip1 has also been shown to play an important role in several physiological processes including adult neurogenesis and organismal aging. This review addresses how Wip1 phosphatase regulates different signaling networks in a spatial and temporal manner and how these differences contribute to various biological outcomes in the context of physiological and pathological conditions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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