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Nano Lett. 2012 Mar 14;12(3):1561-5. doi: 10.1021/nl204420s. Epub 2012 Feb 23.

Low-temperature plasmonics of metallic nanostructures.

Author information

1
Nano-optics and Near-field Spectroscopy Laboratory, Department of Physics, King's College London, Strand, London WC2R 2LS, United Kingdom. jean-sebastien.bouillard@kcl.ac.uk

Abstract

The requirements for spatial and temporal manipulation of electromagnetic fields on the nanoscale have recently resulted in an ever-increasing use of plasmonics for achieving various functionalities with superior performance to those available from conventional photonics. For these applications, ohmic losses resulting from free-electron scattering in the metal is one major limitation for the performance of plasmonic structures. In the low-frequency regime, ohmic losses can be reduced at low temperatures. In this work, we study the effect of temperature on the optical response of different plasmonic nanostructures and show that the extinction of a plasmonic nanorod metamaterial can be efficiently controlled with temperature with transmission changes by nearly a factor of 10 between room and liquid nitrogen temperatures, while temperature effects in plasmonic crystals are relatively weak (transmission changes only up to 20%). Because of the different nature of the plasmonic interactions in these types of plasmonic nanostructures, drastically differing responses (increased or decreased extinction) to temperature change were observed despite identical variations of the metal's permittivity.

PMID:
22339644
DOI:
10.1021/nl204420s
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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