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Pediatr Res. 2012 Mar;71(3):241-6. doi: 10.1038/pr.2011.48. Epub 2012 Jan 11.

Milrinone is preferred to levosimendan for mesenteric perfusion in hypoxia-reoxygenated newborn piglets treated with dopamine.

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1
Department of Surgery, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

There is little information regarding the comparative hemodynamic effects of adding milrinone or levosimendan to dopamine infusion in hypoxia-reoxygenated (H-R) newborns.

RESULTS:

Severely hypoxic piglets had cardiogenic shock with depressed cardiac index (CI) and mean arterial pressure (MAP). The hemodynamics deteriorated gradually after initial recovery upon reoxygenation. Heart rate and CI improved with milrinone (D+M) and levosimendan (D+L) administration (P < 0.05 vs. control). Both regimens improved carotid arterial flow and carotid vascular resistance; D+M additionally improved superior mesentric arterial flow (all P < 0.05 vs. control). No effect was found on renal arterial flow or elevated lactate state with either regimen. D+M piglets also had a lower myocardial oxidized/reduced glutathione ratio (P < 0.05 vs. control).

DISCUSSION:

In conclusion, adding milrinone or levosimendan to dopamine similarly improved systemic hemodynamics in H-R newborn piglets. Milrinone also improved mesenteric perfusion and attenuated myocardial oxidative stress.

METHODS:

Twenty-eight piglets (1-4 d, 1.5-2.5 kg) were instrumented for continuous monitoring of systemic MAP and pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP), CI, and carotid, superior mesenteric, and renal arterial flows. Piglets were randomized with blinding to sham-operated, H-R control (saline), and H-R dopamine (10 μg/kg/min) with D+M or D+L groups. H-R piglets underwent H-R followed by 2 h of drug infusion after reoxygenation. Tissue was collected for biochemical/oxidative stress testing and histological analysis.

PMID:
22337258
PMCID:
PMC4972574
DOI:
10.1038/pr.2011.48
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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