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Mol Cell Biol. 1990 Nov;10(11):5927-36.

The Saccharomyces cerevisiae SIN3 gene, a negative regulator of HO, contains four paired amphipathic helix motifs.

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Department of Cellular, Viral and Molecular Biology, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City 84132.


The SIN3 gene (also known as SDI1) is a negative regulator of the yeast HO gene. Mutations in SIN3 suppress the requirement for the SWI5 activator for expression of the yeast HO gene and change the normal asymmetric pattern of HO expression in mother and daughter cells. Furthermore, the in vitro DNA-binding activity of several DNA-binding proteins is reduced in extracts prepared from sin3 mutants. We have cloned the SIN3 gene and determined that a haploid strain with a SIN3 gene disruption is viable. We determined the sequence of the SIN3 gene, which is predicted to encode a 175-kDa polypeptide with four paired amphipathic helix motifs. These motifs have been identified in the myc family of helix-loop-helix DNA-binding proteins and in the TPR family of regulatory proteins. The SIN3 transcript was mapped, and it was determined that the SIN3 transcript was absent in stationary-phase cells. Immunofluorescence microscopy with anti-SIN3 antibody demonstrated that SIN3 protein was present in nuclei. A comparison of restriction map and sequence data revealed that SIN3 is the same as regulatory genes UME4 and RPD1.

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