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Sex Transm Dis. 2012 Mar;39(3):182-7. doi: 10.1097/OLQ.0b013e318237b3b4.

Prior HIV testing among STD patients in Guangdong Province, China: opportunities for expanding detection of sexually transmitted HIV infection.

Author information

1
STD Control Department, Guangdong Provincial Center for Skin Diseases and STD Control, Guangzhou, China. jtucker4@partners.org

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Expanding HIV testing is important among individuals at increased risk for sexual HIV transmission in China, but little is known about prior HIV testing experiences among sexually transmitted disease (STD) patients.

METHODS:

This cross-sectional study of 1792 outpatients from 6 public STD clinics in Guangdong Province recorded detailed information about ever having been tested for HIV infection in addition to sociodemographic variables, health seeking, clinical STD history, and HIV stigma using a validated survey instrument.

RESULTS:

A total of 456 (25.4%) of the STD patients in this sample had ever been tested for HIV infection. STD patients who were male, had higher income, more education, were at City A and City C, received STD services at public facilities, had used intravenous drugs, and had a history of an STD were more likely to ever receive an HIV test in multivariate analysis. Low perceived HIV risk was the most common reason for not receiving an HIV test. Only 7.7% of the sample reported fear of discrimination or loss of face as influencing their lack of HIV testing.

CONCLUSION:

Incomplete prior HIV screening among STD patients in China suggests the need for broadening HIV testing opportunities at STD clinics and similar clinical settings attended by those with increased sexual risk.

PMID:
22337103
PMCID:
PMC3282013
DOI:
10.1097/OLQ.0b013e318237b3b4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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