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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Feb 28;109(9):3412-5. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1121411109. Epub 2012 Feb 14.

Evolution of wild cereals during 28 years of global warming in Israel.

Author information

1
Institute of Evolution, University of Haifa, Mount Carmel, Haifa 31905, Israel. nevo@research.haifa.ac.il

Abstract

Climate change is a major environmental stress threatening biodiversity and human civilization. The best hope to secure staple food for humans and animal feed by future crop improvement depends on wild progenitors. We examined 10 wild emmer wheat (Triticum dicoccoides Koern.) populations and 10 wild barley (Hordeum spontaneum K. Koch) populations in Israel, sampling them in 1980 and again in 2008, and performed phenotypic and genotypic analyses on the collected samples. We witnessed the profound adaptive changes of these wild cereals in Israel over the last 28 y in flowering time and simple sequence repeat allelic turnover. The revealed evolutionary changes imply unrealized risks present in genetic resources for crop improvement and human food production.

PMID:
22334646
PMCID:
PMC3295258
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.1121411109
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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