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Mucosal Immunol. 2012 May;5(3):299-310. doi: 10.1038/mi.2012.9. Epub 2012 Feb 15.

Lack of IL-4 receptor expression on T helper cells reduces T helper 2 cell polyfunctionality and confers resistance in allergic bronchopulmonary mycosis.

Author information

1
Institute of Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.

Abstract

T helper (Th)1 and Th2 cells play decisive roles in the regulation of resistance vs. susceptibility to pulmonary cryptococcosis. To study the function of interleukin (IL)-4 receptor (IL-4R) on Th cells in pulmonary cryptococcosis, we infected mice specifically lacking IL-4Rα on CD4(+) T cells (Lck(Cre)IL-4Rα(-/lox) mice) and IL-4Rα(-/lox) controls. Lck(Cre)IL-4Rα(-/lox) mice developed enhanced resistance accompanied by reduced pulmonary allergic inflammation and diminished production of the Th2 cytokines IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13 as compared with IL-4Rα(-/lox) mice. Polyfunctional antigen-specific Th2 cells producing simultaneously two or three Th2 cytokines were reduced in infected Lck(Cre)IL-4Rα(-/lox) mice, pointing to a critical role of polyfunctional Th2 cells for disease progression. Reduced Th2 polyfunctionality was associated with fewer pulmonary alternatively activated macrophages. This work is the first direct evidence for a critical contribution of the IL-4R on Th cells to Th2-dependent susceptibility during allergic bronchopulmonary mycosis. Moreover, the data demonstrate that the quality of the Th2 response has an impact on type 2 inflammation. The analysis of polyfunctional Th2 cells may be useful for monitoring the course of the disease.

PMID:
22333910
DOI:
10.1038/mi.2012.9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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