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Opt Express. 2012 Jan 30;20(3):2143-8. doi: 10.1364/OE.20.002143.

Optical characteristics of YVO4:Eu3+ phosphor in close proximity to Ag nanofilm: emitting layer for mirror-type displays.

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Department of Electrical Engineering, KAIST, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-701, South Korea.


We demonstrate the optical characteristics of YVO4:Eu3+ phosphor in close proximity to Ag nanofilm to create a highly efficient emitting layer in mirror-type self-emissive displays. The propagating surface plasmon mode induced between the dielectric layer (MgO) and the Ag nanofilm activates the electric dipole transition of Eu3+ ions. The transmittance of a 100 nm-thick Ag nanofilm is zero in the visible wavelength range, making this nanofilm a good reflector in the visible wavelength range and capable of fulfilling a mirror function. The emission of an YVO4:Eu3+ phosphor layer with a 100 nm-thick Ag nanofilm was enhanced to the point that it was eight times higher than that of a reference sample without Ag nanofilm. Therefore, the present work shows potential for application to mirror-type displays with high luminous efficacy.

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