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J Heart Lung Transplant. 2012 Jun;31(6):618-24. doi: 10.1016/j.healun.2012.01.863. Epub 2012 Feb 9.

Bridging cardiogenic shock patients with short-term ventricular support at a community hospital to long-term ventricular support at a tertiary hospital.

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Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Columbia University Medical Center, 622 W. 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA.



Patients in cardiogenic shock require immediate circulatory support. Outcomes of patients who underwent short-term ventricular assist device (STVAD) implantation in a community hospital (CH) as a bridge to a long-term VAD (LTVAD) were compared with those who received both implants at the same tertiary hospital (TH).


Data were retrospectively reviewed for patients with a STVAD who were bridged to a LTVAD in a TH from 1997 to 2010. We studied outcomes and survival censored for cardiac transplantation.


Thirty-seven patients (73% male) were identified. Mean age was 52 ± 16 years, 30% were diabetic, and 65% had intra-aortic balloon pump support. Reasons for STVAD implantation were an acute myocardial infarction, 38%; post-cardiotomy, 38%, decompensated chronic heart failure, 19%; and others, 5%. A STVAD was implanted in a CH in 20 patients (54%), and they had fewer cardiovascular risk factors than those whose STVAD was implanted at the TH. All patients at the CH were at Interagency Registry for Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support 1 compared with 71% at the TH (p = 0.014). Patients from the CH tended to die sooner after LTVAD implant, although long-term survival was similar. At the 1-year follow-up, 65% from the CH were alive or had received a transplant vs 60% from the TH.


Patients with cardiogenic shock in whom a STVAD was implanted in a CH and then were bridged to a LTVAD in a TH had similar long-term survival as those bridged to LTVAD at the TH.

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