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J Crohns Colitis. 2012 Mar;6(2):207-14. doi: 10.1016/j.crohns.2011.08.008. Epub 2011 Sep 7.

Validation of a point-of-care desk top device to quantitate fecal calprotectin and distinguish inflammatory bowel disease from irritable bowel syndrome.

Author information

1
Center of Excellence for Gastrointestinal Inflammation and Immunity Research, Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. msydora@ualberta.ca

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:

The neutrophil protein calprotectin has been investigated as a surrogate marker for intestinal inflammation. This study was designed to contrast fecal calprotectin levels in patients with inflammatory and non-inflammatory intestinal diseases and to compare the results obtained from the standard ELISA-based method with those obtained from a novel desk-top device.

METHODS:

Soluble proteins were extracted from stool samples of 50 participating patients, including those diagnosed with Ulcerative Colitis, Crohn's Disease or IBS, and volunteers with no known intestinal problems. Calprotectin was assessed in the extracted material using the "desk top" Bühlmann Quantum Blue Reader® or by standard ELISA techniques.

RESULTS:

The mean concentration of calprotectin in the IBD patients group was significantly higher than the mean concentration found in IBS patients and healthy controls (p=0.01). Calprotectin concentrations in IBS patients and controls were indistinguishable. IBD patients that had undergone recent surgery displayed scores similar to controls and IBS patients. Excluding these patients yielded a specificity of 100% for results from both CD and UC patients and an accuracy rate of 1 for CD and 0.89 for UC patients in ROC analysis. Quantum Blue Reader® calprotectin levels were available within 30 min and correlated well with results derived from standard ELISA assays, which took over 8h to complete.

CONCLUSION:

Our results confirm the effective use of fecal calprotectin levels in differentiating non-inflammatory from active inflammatory intestinal diseases. The desk top Bühlmann Quantum Blue Reader® exhibits a fast, non-invasive, and reliable way of identifying an inflammatory intestinal disease.

PMID:
22325175
DOI:
10.1016/j.crohns.2011.08.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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